TIME LENGTH: 20MIN
When to look for a gynecology appointment?
The ideal is to start monitoring a little before or right after the first menstruation and then maintain the frequency indicated by the doctor. The recommendation is for the consultation to take place at least once a year, along with tests that help to identify some more serious diseases early, such as Pap smears, to screen for cervical cancers, and mammography, to prevent the breast cancer. Regular monitoring should be continued even after menopause.
Hormonal problems, menstrual cramps and contraceptive strategies are also the focus of care for gynecologists. In addition to regular consultations, it is important to seek medical attention for symptoms such as menstrual changes, excessive bleeding, unusual menstrual cramps, genital discharge, abdominal pain and breast lumps.
Gynecology takes care of women at different stages of life, especially in matters relating to the functioning of Organs genitals (uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva) and breast.
The evolution of practices in this specialty follows not only new scientific discoveries, but changes in women’s lifestyle and routine, as well as different life projects. When a woman arrives at the clinic, concerns about her children, desire to get pregnant, relationship with her partner, pressure at work and also all her dreams, beliefs, desires and life story come with her. We believe that all assessments, diagnoses or therapeutic decisions need to consider, necessarily, all these aspects and more than that: the personal desires and wishes, which need to be at the center of this process and decisions made about health. The woman is the center of her own health and must be listened to.
In addition to routine exams and regular check-ups, the gynecologist monitors and guides the making of important decisions during the different stages of women’s lives, from adolescence, through contraception, family planning, prevention and treatment of diseases, pregnancy until maturity and old age.
For this, there are several subspecialties, such as Gynecology of Childhood and Adolescence; Endocrine Gynecology, which deals with hormonal issues; Human Reproduction; Family planning; Climacteric; Oncological Gynecology and Cervical Pathology, among others.
Among the main illnesses treated by Gynecology are: estão:
- Breast and genital tumors (uterus, cervix, ovary, vulva and tubes);
- Endometriosis (disorder in which endometrial tissue in the uterus grows outside the organ);
- Uterine fibroids;
- Ovarian cysts;
- polycystic ovary;
- Pelvic inflammatory disease;
- Pelvic adhesions;
- Female infertility;
- Endometrial polyps;
- Uterine hyperplasia (increased thickness of the inner wall of the uterus);
- Adenomyosis (abnormal presence of glands in the muscle tissue of the uterus).